Its current borders were fixed shortly after World War II when the government of the then People's Federal Republic of Yugoslavia established the People's Republic of Macedonia, recognizing the Macedonian ethnicity, and the region as a separate nation within Yugoslavia.In the past, these lands came under a number of ancient states and former empires; Paionia, the kingdom of ancient Macedon (which gave its name to the whole Macedonian region).
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After the First World War Serbia joined the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
In 1929, the kingdom was officially renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and divided into provinces called banovinas.
In 1903 IMRO organised the Ilinden Uprising against the Ottomans, which after the initial successes including the forming of the Krushevo Republic, was crushed with much loss of life.
The uprising and the forming of the Krushevo Republic are considered the corner-stone and precursors to the eventual establishment of the Republic of Macedonia.
It must be noted though, that the ancient kingdom of Macedon was centered in what is known today as Greek Macedonia and its boundaries did not span north of the town Bitola until after 323 BC.
Later, in 146 BC, the area became part of the Roman and Byzantine empires, becoming Christian in the 3rd and 4th century.Macedonian is designated as the primary official language.As of June 2002, any language spoken by at least 20% of the population is also an official language.It dropped the "Socialist" from its name in 1991 when it peacefully seceded from Yugoslavia.A few very minor changes to its border with Serbia were agreed upon to resolve problems with the demarcation line between the two countries.So called "Southern Serbia" ( Vardar Macedonia), including all of what is now the Republic of Macedonia, became known as the Vardar Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.